Georgia is located at the junction of Eastern Europe and Western Asia, generally considered to be in Europe. To the west by the deep sea; Russia to the north and northeast; Turkey and Armenia to the south; It shares borders with Azerbaijan to the southeast.
Although the country is called the world of Georgia, the people call it Sakartvelo, which means Kartli. Georgia is the official language, and the most widely used language is Abkhazian. The area of Georgia is 269 square miles, the 119 th largest country in the world. The population of Georgia is 3,723,464, with a population of 138 people per square mile.
Georgia was an ancient tribe and their capital, Tbilisi (Tbilisi), was founded around 400 AD during the fall of the Roman Empire. Originally Georgia was a territory of the Roman Empire. In 635, Georgia was conquered by the Arabs. Early in the 11th century AD, the Kingdom of Georgia was restored.
In the 13th century, after the invasion of the Mongols, it had existed for a century. Thereafter, the fifth Georgia king continued to rule, and in the 1500s, East Georgia suffered four Persian invasions. Beginning in 1555, the Kartli dynasty ruled.
In 1783, the Treaty of Georgievsk was signed by the King of Georgia and the Russian Queen of Russia, under which it was obliged to protect Georgia. But in 1798, the capital Tbilisi was overthrown by the Persians.
Then Georgia came under Russian rule for more than 100 years and gained independence in 1918. But only three years later, it was once again part of the Soviet Union. In 1991, Zviad Gamsakhurdia became the first president of the Soviet Union to form the Georgia Republic. The current administration is the parliamentary presidential system.
Georgia has the largest population of the country, accounting for 87% of the population, 6.2% of Azerbaijan and 6% of the population. Armenia 4.5%; Russia, 0.7%, and a few other minorities. Over 83% of the population worships Eastern Orthodoxy (Georgian Orthodox Church), followed by Islam (10.7%); Oriental Orthodoxy 3.9% and other Christians live and worship atheists.